Learn about the variety of industrial pumps available

Pumps are used to force built-up solids, liquids or gases out of a specific area through the use of pressure. It is important to note that industrial pumps do not actually create this pressure on their own. Rather, they create resistance, which has a bounce-back effect and stimulates the pressure required to get the solid, liquid or gas moving.

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The simplest form of industrial pump is the hand pump, which is portable and moderately powerful. For heavier-duty jobs, vacuum pumps, hydraulic pumps and centrifugal pumps are all much stronger and are capable of removing even the toughest deposits.

Types of Pumps

The major types of pumps designated for industrial use include:

  • Centrifugal pumps. A centrifugal pump uses stationary casings and mobile impellers to create the resistance needed to move built-up deposits of solids, liquids or gases.
  • Positive displacement pumps. The defining characteristic of a positive displacement pump is that it moves material by forcing small amounts of it into the pipe's discharge chamber. This, in turn, creates the resistance needed to build up enough pressure in the system to keep things moving until the material has been fully drained.
  • Vacuum pumps. These pumps use the physical principles of suction to get stationary pools of matter moving. Typically, vacuum pumps are among the most powerful models available for industrial use and are very adept at tackling heavy-duty, demanding jobs.
  • Hydraulic pumps. Hydraulics are used to power a wide range of industrial systems and are defined by their deliverance of energy through a liquid (typically water or oil) to the point of use. A hydraulic pump system is highly efficient and very versatile.

You can also get pumps designed to empty very specific containers. Drum pumps, which are heavily used in the disposal of hazardous and industrial waste, are a prime example.

Pump seals are a major component of any system, and they're absolutely essential to the proper functioning of your pump. If you are experiencing any problems with the efficiency or effectiveness of your pump, make sure to check the pump seals first – their role is to create an airtight space, optimizing the resistance-and-pressure action that all pump types rely on.